Recently I finished the certification program in Smart Cities Transportation™ by the IIEC, provided at https://courses10.com online learning platform. If you are interested, take a look at their programs.
When we mention smart cities transportation there are many questions that arise like what it is, when will we see it, and how to build it.
There are serveral projects on the way to create smart cities transportation around the world.
One of them is Project Vector by Jaguar Land Rover:
Project Vector is an electric city vehicle concept by Jaguar Land Rover. It forms part of the marque’s wider “Destination Zero” plan – a long-term collaborative project with other transport providers and academics. Together they are working towards finding viable solutions for the autonomous, electric, connected urban transport of the future, conceived through a range of progressive products and services.
The Project Vector vehicle has an electric drivetrain and previews autonomous-ready technology. The compact car measures just 4m in length, the battery and drivetrain components are neatly packaged within the flat floor to allow for a variety of transport uses in city environments. The modular cabin space provides flexibility for seating configurations so Project Vector can be used for private or shared use, as well as have the opportunity for commercial applications, including last mile deliveries.
5G Networks are essential for smar cities transportation
The Article “Connected Vehicles in Smart Cities: The Future of Transportation” published in interestingengineering.com explains the importance of 5G networks.
The upgrade to 5G networks is not only going to transform industries, businesses, and consumers with intelligent connectivity. Low-latency connectivity plays a paramount role enabling an array of smart city applications including smart urban agriculture to real-time detection of crime to intelligent traffic management and, of course, self-driving cars.
But we will not only see driverless cars, we will also see drones as the article further explains.
How future cities manage transport will also change as the result of citizens becoming increasingly demanding. The cities’ local governments are thus going to employ more diverse and innovative means of transport. Autonomous drones used as air taxis for a solo passenger are also going to be seen frequently in the skies, together with other means of air mobility.
Opportunities for Engineers
There is a need for Engineers to participate in innovative connected vehicles activities.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Connected Vehicles Initiative seeks to promote technical activities, networking, publications, standards, and access to technical information in connected vehicles. The Connected Vehicles initiative seek to create and participate in new and innovative Connected Vehicles activities and is open for participation to all communities of engineers, practitioners, researchers, and developers involved in the development, deployment, and promotion of connected vehicles technologies.
5G and the Future of Connected Cars
To get a better understanding of how 5G works take a look at the following video published by Bloomberg Technology.
How Close Are We to a Self-Driving World?
This video was published by Seeker.
How to Build a Smart Cities Transportation System
Here Mobility explains what is smart cities transportation.
Smart city transport can make a big difference in the way passengers commute in dense urban areas and can help municipalities save costs, provide better service to citizens, and better manage safety and security.
Smart city transport uses electronic, wireless and Internet technologies to provide access to smarter, safer and faster travel between two points in a large city, and provide richer information and greater control over traffic flows for city authorities. Smart transport infrastructure is often recommended as a first step on the way to becoming a smart city.
Smart city transport systems often take the shape of Intelligent Transportation Network (ITN).
An ITN includes:
- A public transportation management system that helps optimize and automate the flow of public transport vehicles
- A route information system and electronic timetable that informs consumers of the conditions on their route, and which public transport options are available
- A safety and vehicle control system that can help prevent accidents by alerting and assisting with dangerous road conditions
- A single fare card that allows consumers to travel anywhere in the city, using all available public transport options, with one rechargeable fare card
It also suggests 3 phases to build a smart cities transportation system.
Fully implementing smart city transport is a complex exercise that can take years. How can cities start small, implementing some smart transport capabilities that will immediately provide value?
We suggest a three-phase model of smart city transport implementation, which starts with transport optimization based on readily available information (without new sensors information systems), continues with the implementation of lightweight infrastructure such as route information management and ends with the heavier infrastructure, such as advanced vehicle tracking.
How Technology will Shape Transportation in Smart Cities
To finalize this article, let us take a look at what smartcitiesworld.net says about how technology will shape transportation in smart cities:
Trends driving mobility innovation
Increased environmental awareness, advancements in technology, rising life expectancies, households working longer, and Millennials entering the workforce are contributing to fundamental changes impacting mobility. These changes are contributing to five converging mobility innovations:
- Shared mobility: Shared mobility enables users to gain short-term access to transportation modes on an ‘as-needed’ basis. The ecosystem of shared transportation services continues to grow and includes an array of services, such as car-sharing, microtransit, shared micromobility (e.g., bike-sharing and scooter-sharing), transportation network companies and public transportation.
- Digital information and fare payment integration: These services can help bridge information gaps, make multimodal travel and public transit more convenient, and enhance decision-making with dynamic and real-time information throughout an entire journey
- The commodification of transportation: Consumers are assigning economic values to modes and engaging in multimodal decision-making processes based on a variety of factors such as cost, journey time, wait time, number of connections, convenience and other attributes. Rather than making decisions between modes, mobility consumers can make decisions among modes, in essence ’modal chaining’ to optimise the route, travel time, and cost.
- Automation: Vehicle automation also has the potential to create new and exciting opportunities for both the public and private sectors, such as cost savings; automated pick-up, drop-off and charging; and more economical and convenient demandresponsive services.
- Electrification: Electric drive vehicles that use one or more electric or traction motors for propulsion can reduce GHGs and other emissions, mitigating many of the transportation-related impacts associated with increased urbanisation in cities.
Written by Veronica Chiaravalli